Institutional Research & Effectiveness

Data Definitions - I

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IN-DISTRICT STUDENT
IPEDS

A student who is a legal resident of the locality in which he/she attends school and thus is entitled to reduced tuition charges if offered by the institution.

IN-DISTRICT TUITION
IPEDS

The tuition charged by the institution to those students residing in the locality in which they attend school. This may be a lower rate than in-state tuition if offered by the institution.

IN-STATE STUDENT
 IPEDS

A student who is a legal resident of the state in which he/she attends school.

IN-STATE TUITION
IPEDS/ CDS

The tuition charged by institutions to those students who meet the state's or institution's residency requirements.

INDEBTEDNESS 
CDS

Aggregate dollar amount borrowed through any loan program (federal, state, subsidized, unsubsidized, private, etc.; excluding parent loans) while the student was enrolled at an institution. Student loans co-signed by a parent are assumed to be the responsibility of the student and should be included

INDEBTEDNESS ON CAPITAL ASSETS
IPEDS

Liabilities associated with the debt incurred in financing the institution's capital assets, including bonds, mortgages, notes, capital leases, and any other outstanding debt that was incurred to acquire, construct, or improve capital assets. Indebtedness issued and backed by the state government and that will be repaid by the state from sources other than institutional funds are excluded.

INDEPENDENT OPERATIONS (EXPENSES) 
IPEDS

Expenses associated with operations that are independent of or unrelated to the primary missions of the institution (i.e., instruction, research, public service) although they may contribute indirectly to the enhancement of these programs. This category is generally limited to expenses of a major federally funded research and development center. Also includes information technology expenses, actual or allocated costs for operation and maintenance of plant, and depreciation related to the independent operations. FASB institutions also charge or allocate interest expense to independent operations. Expenses of operations owned and managed as investments of the institution's endowment funds are excluded.

INDEPENDENT OPERATIONS (REVENUES)
IPEDS

Revenues associated with operations independent of or unrelated to the primary missions of the institution (i.e., instruction, research, public service) although they may contribute indirectly to the enhancement of these programs. Generally includes only those revenues associated with major federally funded research and development centers. Net profit (or loss) from operations owned and managed as investments of the institution's endowment funds is excluded.

INDEPENDENT STUDY
CDS

Academic work chosen or designed by the student with the approval of the department concerned, under an instructor's supervision, and usually undertaken outside of the regular classroom structure.

INFRASTRUCTURE
IPEDS

Capital assets consisting of roads, bridges, drainage systems, water and sewer systems, and other similar assets. Infrastructure assets usually have longer useful lives than other capital assets such as buildings.

INITIAL COHORT
IPEDS

A specific group of individuals established for tracking purposes. For the Graduation Rates component of IPEDS, the initial cohort is defined as all students who enter an institution as full-time, first-time degree/certificate-seeking students during either (1) the fall term of a given academic year, or (2) between September 1st and August 31st of the following year.

INSTITUTION'S STAFF (NOT IN MEDICAL SCHOOLS)
IPEDS

Term used to describe all staff employed by or employees working in a postsecondary institution, except those employed by or working in the medical school component of the institution.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCOUNT
IPEDS

An account in which the institution maintains fiscal control of revenues or expenditures and has full knowledge of the amounts flowing through the account.

INSTITUTIONAL AFFILIATION
IPEDS

A classification that indicates whether a private not-for-profit institution is associated with a religious group or denomination. Private not-for-profit institutions may be either independent or religiously affiliated.

INSTITUTIONAL BURDEN
IPEDS

The estimated amount of time (and money) required to respond to a survey. According to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, no persons are required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number. The valid OMB control number for IPEDS is 1850-0582. The time required to complete the Fall information collection is estimated to vary from 1.5 hours to 3.8 hours per response, with an average of 3.2 hours, including the time to review instructions, search existing data resources, gather and maintain the data needed, and complete and review the information collection. Similarly, the time required to complete the Winter information collection is estimated to vary from 3.5 hours to 15.5 hours, with an average of 12.1 hours; and the time required to complete the Spring information collection is estimated to vary from 8.0 hours to 18.5 hours, with an average of 12.1 hours.

INSTITUTIONAL CATEGORY
IPEDS

This indicator is derived using the level of offerings reported on the Institutional Characteristics (IC) component and the number and level of awards reported on the Completions (C) component.

INSTITUTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS (IC)
IPEDS

This annual component is the core of the IPEDS system is and is required of all currently operating Title IV postsecondary institutions in the United States and other areas. As the control file for the entire IPEDS system, IC constitutes the sampling frame for all other NCES surveys of postsecondary institutions. It also helps determine the specific IPEDS screens that are shown to each institution. This component collects the basic institutional data that are necessary to sort and analyze not only the IC DATA, but also all other IPEDS DATAs. IC data are collected for the academic year, which generally extends from September of one calendar year to June of the following year. Specific data elements currently collected for each institution include: institution name, address, telephone number, control or affiliation, calendar system, levels of degrees and awards offered, types of programs, application information, student services, and accreditation. The IC component also collects pricing information including tuition and required fees, room and board charges, books and supplies and other expenses for release on College Navigator.

INSTITUTIONAL GRANTS 
 IPEDS

Scholarships and fellowships granted and funded by the institution and/or individual departments within the institution, (i.e., instruction, research, public service) that may contribute indirectly to the enhancement of these programs. Includes scholarships targeted to certain individuals (e.g., based on state of residence, major field of study, athletic team participation) for which the institution designates the recipient.

INSTITUTIONAL GRANTS (FUNDED) (ALLOWANCES)
IPEDS

Scholarships and fellowships awarded to students from institutional resources that are restricted to student aid. Private institutions generally report these grants as allowances. If control over these resources passes to the student, the amount is reported as an expense. (Used for reporting under FASB Standards.)

INSTITUTIONAL GRANTS (UNFUNDED) (ALLOWANCES)
IPEDS

Scholarships and fellowships awarded to students from unrestricted institutional resources. Private institutions generally report these grants as allowances. If control over these resources passes to the student, the amount is reported as an expense. (Used for reporting under FASB Standards.)

INSTITUTIONAL GRANTS FROM RESTRICTED RESOURCES
 IPEDS

Institutional grants to students funded from restricted-expendable resources for student aid, such as scholarships and fellowships. (Used for reporting under GASB Standards.)

INSTITUTIONAL GRANTS FROM UNRESTRICTED RESOURCES
IPEDS

Institutional grants to students that are funded from resources that are not restricted to any particular purpose. (Used for reporting under GASB Standards.)

INSTITUTIONAL SCHOLARSHIPS AND GRANTS
CDS

Endowed scholarships, annual gifts and tuition funded grants for which the institution determines the recipient.

INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT (GASB ALIGNED FORM REPORTERS)
IPEDS

A functional expense category that includes expenses for the day-to-day operational support of the institution. Includes expenses for general administrative services, central executive-level activities concerned with management and long range planning, legal and fiscal operations, space management, employee personnel and records, logistical services such as purchasing and printing, and public relations and development. Also includes information technology expenses related to institutional support activities. If an institution does not separately budget and expense information technology resources, the costs associated with student services and operation and maintenance of plant will also be applied to this function. GASB institutions include actual or allocated costs for operation and maintenance of plant and depreciation.

INSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM
IPEDS

Two or more postsecondary institutions under the control or supervision of a single administrative body.

INSTRUCTION (GASB ALIGNED FORM REPORTERS)
IPEDS

A functional expense category that includes expenses of the colleges, schools, departments, and other instructional divisions of the institution and expenses for departmental research and public service that are not separately budgeted. Includes general academic instruction, occupational and vocational instruction, community education, preparatory and adult basic education, and regular, special, and extension sessions. Also includes expenses for both credit and non-credit activities. Excludes expenses for academic administration where the primary function is administration (e.g., academic deans). Information technology expenses related to instructional activities if the institution separately budgets and expenses information technology resources are included (otherwise these expenses are included in academic support). GASB institutions include actual or allocated costs for operation and maintenance of plant and depreciation.

INSTRUCTION COMBINED WITH RESEARCH AND/OR PUBLIC SERVICE
IPEDS

A primary function or occupational activity category used to classify persons for whom it is not possible to differentiate between instruction or teaching, research, and public service because each of these functions is an integral component of their regular assignment. These persons may hold academic rank titles of professor, associate professor, assistant professor, instructor, lecturer, or the equivalent. This category also includes persons who may hold titles such as deans, directors, or the equivalent, as well as associate deans, assistant deans, and executive officers of academic departments (chairpersons, heads, or equivalent) if their principal activity is instruction combined with research and/or public service.

INSTRUCTIONAL ACTIVITY
IPEDS

The total number of credit and contact hours all students are engaged in during the specified period.

INSTRUCTIONAL COST AND PRODUCTIVITY (THE DELAWARE STUDY)
IR

In this report, academic disciplines at UNI are compared to national benchmark data collected by the University of Delaware as part of the National Study of Institutional Cost and Productivity (NSICP). This data is part of a national data-sharing consortium aimed at measuring institutional costs and faculty productivity at the academic discipline level of analysis.

INSTRUCTIONAL STAFF
IPEDS

Staff whose primary function/occupational activity is primarily instruction or instruction combined with research and/or public service. (Does not include medical school staff.)

INTANGIBLE ASSETS
IPEDS

Assets consisting of nonmaterial rights and benefits of an institution, such as patents, copyrights, trademarks and goodwill.

INTEGRATED POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION DATA SYSTEM (IPEDS) 
IPEDS

The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), conducted by the NCES, began in 1986 and involves annual institution-level data collections. All postsecondary institutions that have a Program Participation Agreement with the Office of Postsecondary Education (OPE), U.S. Department of Education (throughout IPEDS referred to as Title IV) are required to report data using a web-based data collection system. IPEDS currently consists of the following components: Institutional Characteristics (IC); 12-month Enrollment (E12);Completions (C); Human Resources (HR) composed of Employees by Assigned Position (EAP), Fall Staff (S),and Salaries (SA); Fall Enrollment (EF); Graduation Rates (GRS); Finance (F); and Student Financial Aid (SFA).

INTEREST
IPEDS

The price paid (or received) for the use of money over a period of time. Interest income is one component of investment income. Interest paid by the institution is interest expense.

INTERNATIONAL STUDENT
 CDS

See Nonresident alien.

INTERNATIONAL STUDENT GROUP
CDS

Student groups that facilitate cultural dialogue, support a diverse campus, assist international students in acclimation and creating a social network.

INTERNSHIP
 CDS

Any short-term, supervised work experience usually related to a student's major field, for which the student earns academic credit. The work can be full- or part-time, on- or off-campus, paid or unpaid.

INVESTED IN CAPITAL ASSETS, NET OF RELATED DEBT
IPEDS

Net assets of GASB institutions that consist of capital assets net of accumulated depreciation, reduced by the outstanding indebtedness on capital assets. FASB institutions do not use this classification; most of the equivalent net assets are considered unrestricted net assets.

INVESTMENT GAINS
IPEDS

The gain derived from the investment of capital. Such gains may take the form of a market appreciation of the value of the investment. The gain may be realized if the asset or capital is sold or unrealized if the asset or capital is not sold.

INVESTMENT INCOME
IPEDS

Revenues derived from the institution's investments, including investments of endowment funds. Such income may take the form of interest income, dividend income, rental income or royalty income and includes both realized and unrealized gains and losses.

INVESTMENT RETURN
IPEDS

Income from assets including dividends, interest earnings, royalties, rent, gains (losses) etc.

IPEDS DATA CENTER
IPEDS

The IPEDS Data Center is the single entry point for retrieving IPEDS data. Using the data center, one can easily download data files for one or more institutions with information from any of the IPEDS components or download complete data files, produce a variety of reports, or create group statistics. The data center replaces the old IPEDS Peer Analysis System and Dataset Cutting Tool, and features improvements in navigation, institution selection, and variable selection as well as increased on-screen help.

IPEDS UNIVERSE
IPEDS

Those postsecondary institutions that have been identified and are potential respondents to the IPEDS surveys. The universe does not include all postsecondary institutions because many exist that are not included in the list of Title IV eligible institutions and, thus, there is currently no complete list of these institutions.

IPEDS- INTEGRATED POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION DATA SYSTEM
IPEDS

The primary source for data on colleges, universities, and technical and vocational postsecondary institutions in the United States.