Institutional Research & Effectiveness

Data Definitions - D

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DATA COLLECTION SYSTEM
IPEDS

The Web environment that is used to collect the IPEDS data.

DATA DICTIONARY
IPEDS

A file or a list that contains all known information about variables such as format, data type, field width, and source.

DATA REVISION SYSTEM
IPEDS

The Web environment where an institution's prior year data may be revised by key holders or data managers.

DATA UNIVERSAL NUMBERING SYSTEM (DUNS) NUMBER
IPEDS

The Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number is a 9-digit number assigned by the Dun & Bradstreet Information Corporation to any entity providing products, goods, or services.

DATA YEAR
IPEDS

The year to which data pertain in a particular IPEDS component. For example, for collection year 2003-04, tuition is for data year 2003-04, whereas completions are for data year 2002-03.

DEDUCTIONS FROM PHYSICAL PLANT ASSETS
IPEDS

Amounts that represent a decline in the value of physical plant assets resulting from selling, razing, fire, and other hazards, or other disposition of the assets.

DEFERRED ADMISSION
CDS

The practice of permitting admitted students to postpone enrollment, usually for a period of one academic term or one year.

DEGREE
IPEDS/ CDS

An award conferred by a college, university, or other postsecondary education institution as official recognition for the successful completion of a program of studies.

DEGREE-SEEKING STUDENTS
CDS

Students enrolled in courses for credit who are recognized by the institution as seeking a degree or formal award. At the undergraduate level, this is intended to include students enrolled in vocational or occupational programs.

DEGREE/CERTIFICATE-SEEKING STUDENTS
IPEDS

Students enrolled in courses for credit and recognized by the institution as seeking a degree, certificate, or other formal award. High school students also enrolled in postsecondary courses for credit are not considered degree/certificate-seeking.

DEPRECIATION
IPEDS

The allocation or distribution of the cost of capital assets, less any salvage value, to expenses over the estimated useful life of the asset in a systematic and rational manner. Depreciation for the year is the amount of the allocation or distribution for the year involved.

DIPLOMA
IPEDS

A formal document certifying the successful completion of a prescribed program of studies.

DISABILITY SERVICES
IPEDS

Programs designed to provide reasonable academic accommodations and support services to empower students who have disabilities to competitively pursue postsecondary education. May also include assistance to campus departments in providing access to services and programs in the most integrated setting possible.

DISCOUNTS AND ALLOWANCES
IPEDS

That part of a scholarship or fellowship that is used to pay institutional charges such as tuition and fees or room and board charges.

DISTANCE LEARNING
IPEDS/ CDS

An option for earning course credit at off-campus locations via cable television, internet, satellite classes, videotapes, correspondence courses, or other means.

DIVIDEND EARNINGS
IPEDS

Distribution of earnings to shareholders that may be in the form of cash, stock, or property.

DOCTOR'S DEGREE
IPEDS

The highest award a student can earn for graduate study. The doctor's degree classification includes such degrees as Doctor of Education, Doctor of Juridical Science, Doctor of Public Health, and the Doctor of Philosophy degree in any field such as agronomy, food technology, education, engineering, public administration, ophthalmology, or radiology.

DOCTOR'S DEGREE - OTHER
IPEDS/ CDS

A doctor's degree that does not meet the definition of a doctor's degree - research/scholarship or a doctor's degree - professional practice.

DOCTOR'S DEGREE - PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE
IPEDS/ CDS

A doctor's degree that is conferred upon completion of a program providing the knowledge and skills for the recognition, credential, or license required for professional practice. The degree is awarded after a period of study such that the total time to the degree, including both pre-professional and professional preparation, equals at least six full-time equivalent academic years. Some of these degrees were formerly classified as 'first-professional' and may include: Chiropractic (D.C. or D.C.M.); Dentistry (D.D.S. or D.M.D.); Law (L.L.B. or J.D.); Medicine (M.D.); Optometry (O.D.); Osteopathic Medicine (D.O); Pharmacy (Pharm.D.); Podiatry (D.P.M., Pod.D., D.P.); or, Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M.), and others, as designated by the awarding institution.

DOCTOR'S DEGREE - RESEARCH/SCHOLARSHIP
IPEDS/ CDS

A Ph.D. or other doctor's degree that requires advanced work beyond the master's level, including the preparation and defense of a dissertation based on original research, or the planning and execution of an original project demonstrating substantial artistic or scholarly achievement. Some examples of this type of degree may include Ed.D., D.M.A., D.B.A., D.Sc., D.A., or D.M, and others, as designated by the awarding institution.

DOCTORAL/RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES EXTENSIVE (CARNEGIE)
IPEDS

An institutional classification developed by the Andrew W. Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Doctoral/Research Universities' Extensive typically offer a wide range of baccalaureate programs , and they are committed to graduate education through the doctorate. During the period studied, they awarded 50 or more doctoral degrees per year across at least 15 disciplines.

DOCTORAL/RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES INTENSIVE (CARNEGIE)
IPEDS

An institutional classification developed by the Andrew W. Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Doctoral/Research Universities' Intensive typically offers a wide range of baccalaureate programs, and they are committed to graduate education through the doctorate. During the period studied, they awarded at least ten doctoral degrees per year across three or more disciplines, or at least 20 doctoral degrees per year overall.

DOUBLE MAJOR 
CDS

Program in which students may complete two undergraduate programs of study simultaneously.

DUAL CREDIT
IPEDS

A program through which high school students are enrolled in Advanced Placement (AP) courses, taught at their high school, that fulfill high school graduation requirements and may earn the student college credits .

DUAL ENROLLMENT
IPEDS/ CDS

A program through which high school students may enroll in college courses while still enrolled in high school. Students are not required to apply for admission to the college in order to participate.